Book professional cleaners in Uxbridge
From only £17.95/hour
From only £17.95/hour
While Uxbridge may now be considered a university town as it houses the Uxbridge Campus of Buckinghamshire New University and Brunel University London, the secrets to its very interesting past are dotted all around the city. Throughout the retail and commercials area of Uxbridge, the historical evidence of Uxbridge is on display.
Despite no historical records surviving, historians are fairly sure that Uxbridge takes its name from the Wixan tribe. This is a tribe that settled in various parts of Middlesex during the 7th century, and it is believed that they built a bridge over the River Colne. This bridge would have linked a small settlement in the area to the rest of the Wixan settlements in Middlesex.
While no records survive, there was a village on the site of Uxbridge in the middle of the 12th century called “Wixeburg”. This village likely took its name from the tribe “Wixe” and the bridge “burg”. Over time, as the English language changed, this name evolved into Uxbridge.
While many people in Uxbridge today rely heavily on the retail aspect of Uxbridge to make a living, the same was true in the middle ages. Only Uxbridge, as a whole, relied heavily on the trade of the market. In about 1180, Gilbert Basset, who was the keeper of the Honor at the time, granted the people of Uxbridge permission to hold a market every Thursday.
By 1248, the Uxbridge market was extremely popular. Traders from all around the region were going to Uxbridge to trade cattle, baked goods, leather and a great deal more. Uxbridge began a trading centre, and the town prospered.
By 1248, thanks to the market, Uxbridge was now a thriving town with very successful trade routes to the rest of England and beyond. So much so that the chapel was built. The chapel was dedicated to St Margaret, and all major church services were held here for about 600 years.
Over the years, and as Uxbridge grew more and more, the chapel was extended, and a tower was added between 1400 and 1450. It was then enlarged again in 1776. Sadly, the chapel closed in 1855, but the cemeteries, given to the people of Uxbridge in 1575, are still present and well worth a visit.
The town was really clever during the 18th century. With the rise of the coaching trade, Uxbridge invested heavily in coaches to bring people to its market from farther afield. Up to 40 coaches a day passed through Uxbridge during the 18th century. As a result, more than 50 inns and pubs popped up around the city to provide travellers with a place to eat, drink and sleep.
In the 19th century, the market began to be replaced with retail opportunities. The market in Uxbridge has always been an agricultural market, and sadly, the need for these markets slowly declined. But Uxbridge being the pioneering and enterprising town it is, evolved. The development of the town we know today ensured that Uxbridge continued to prosper in this new era, cementing its legacy as a trading town.