Out of all the parts of London we have researched for this part of our pages, the City of London is our favourite. Why? Well, it started this crazy, beautiful place that we get to call home and the capital of our country. The City of London was created in 43AD when the Romans came to town. At the time, it was a major port and home to 50,000 people. That was until the fifth century. The Anglo Saxons began invading Britain at that time, and London began to decline. At some point during the eighth century, London became the capital of Essex.
In the ninth century, the Vikings came to town. The Vikings attacked London, but many of them stayed and encouraged trade in the city once more. They opened businesses and actually transformed London into the first urban centre of England. The town grew and grew and attracted the attention of the Great Heathen Army. This Danish army besieged London until it was captured by King Alfred the Great in 886.
200 years later, London would suffer another invasion, this time from the Normans. In 1067, the Normans came to town, and William Duke of Normandy became King of England. During William’s reign, the Tower of London, and a lot more was built. It was at this time that many of the city’s laws and rights were outlined.
And on and on. The City of London has been invaded, besieged, overthrown, taken back and more for thousands of years. With each new invading force, London changed that little bit more. We can now see all of these changes in front of our eyes. London would not be the same if it weren’t for the Romans, Vikings, Anglo Saxons, Normans, and, of course, every other Londoner that came before and after them. The City of London captures the ever-changing and growing nature of England at its core.